Timeline of key events in the Hawaiian language 4-14-07

By The Associated Press

- 1822: The first printing of the Hawaiian language occurs with eight pages of a spelling book.

- 1826: Missionaries standardize the Hawaiian alphabet into its present form.

- 1834: First Hawaiian newspaper, Ka Lama Hawai'i, is established.

- 1839: A full translation of the Bible is completed in Hawaiian.


- 1863: First Hawaiian novel, ``Ke Kaao O La'ieikawai,'' or ``The Legend of La'ieikawai,'' is published.

- 1893: The Hawaiian Kingdom is overthrown with the support of the U.S. Marines. The leaders of the coup set up the Republic of Hawai'i.

- 1896: Education in Hawaiian is outlawed in both public and private schools.

- 1898: Hawai'i annexed by U.S. with a requirement that the language ban remain in force.

- 1922: Hawaiian is introduced as a ``foreign'' language at the University of Hawai'i, but fails to flourish until 60 years later.

- 1957: The Hawaiian Dictionary by Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H. Elbert is published.

- 1976: University of Hawai'i main branch establishes bachelor's degree programs in Hawaiian language and studies.

- 1978: The Legislature makes both Hawaiian and English the state's official languages.

- 1982: University of Hawai'i at Hilo initiates a Hawaiian studies degree program using Hawaiian. This is the first time that Hawaiian has been used as a medium of public education since 1895.

- 1983: Seven Hawaiian language teachers form 'Aha Punana Leo Inc. to revive the language.

- 1984: The first 'Aha Punana Leo preschool opens on Kaua'i. All books and teaching materials are created or translated into Hawaiian. Legislation to permit Hawaiian for public school teaching does not pass.

- 1986: The Legislature passes a bill that allows Hawaiian as a medium of instruction in the public schools.

- 1987: The state Department of Education establishes the Hawaiian Language Immersion Program. Thirtyfive students enroll at the two sites.

- 1990: President George H.W. Bush signs the Native American Languages Act, sponsored by Sen. Daniel Inouye, DemocratHawai'i.

- 1996: The state Board of Education approves Anuenue Elementary on O'ahu as the state's first K12 total immersion site.

- 1997: The College of Hawaiian Language at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo is established. It is the first college in the nation to use only an indigenous language.

- 2002: The University of Hawai'i at Hilo awards Hiapo Perreira the first master's degree in Hawaiian Language; Apple Computer introduces Hawaiian language support into Macintosh operating system, which includes a Hawaiian keyboard in all of its new computers; Honolulu Star Bulletin publishes the first Hawaiian language column in a major daily newspaper since 1949.

- 2003: Ulukau, the Hawaiian Language Digital Library project, goes online, making available more than 100,000 pages of searchable newspaper archives, books, dictionaries, the Hawaiian Bible and other material in the language.

- 2004: The University of Hawai'i Board of Regents approves at the Hilo campus the first doctoral program in an indigenous language.

- 2005: The firstever Grammy for ``Best Hawaiian Music Album'' was awarded at the 47th Annual Grammy Awards. The category stipulates that more than 50 percent of vocal tracks must be in Hawaiian.

- 2007: Hawaiian Language Immersion Program marks its 20th year with 1,870 students enrolled at 23 sites statewide.


Source: 'Aha Punana Leo Hawaiian language program


On the Net:

'Aha Punana Leo: http://www.ahapunanaleo.org/